Louis Braille was born in France in 1809. His father was a shoemaker and young Louis enjoyed playing in his father's workshop. One day, while his father was not watching, Louis accidentally punctured his eye with an awl, a sharp tool used to punch holes in leather. Infection eventually set in and spread to his other eye, leaving Louis completely blind.
As an adult Louis invented a tactile alphabet for the blind. He published the Method of Writing Words using six raised dots to represent the alphabet. The system of raised dots is called Braille and enables blind people of any age to read with the tips of their fingers.